Old vs New Tax Regime

Understanding taxation is crucial for effective tax planning and ITR filing. However, with the introduction of the new tax regime, the whole landscape of taxes changed.

It makes it challenging for taxpayers to choose between the new and old regimes and know which is more beneficial for calculating income tax. This article will explain old and new tax regimes and their differences.

Old Tax Regime

The old tax regime is an old income tax calculation method in which taxpayers can choose from various deductions and exemptions that apply to them.

In this, the taxpayer can avail the different applicable kinds of exemptions and deductions to reduce their liability burden while securing their financial future, such as Education expenses, home loans, deductions for salaried employees and more.

However, the tax rates in the old regime are generally higher than in the new one.

Old Regime Slab Tax Rate (Individuals And Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs)) New Tax Regime

Income Range (in INR) Tax Rate (%)
Up to 2,50,000 Nil
2,50,001 – 5,00,000 5
5,00,001 – 10,00,000 20
Above 10,00,000 30

The Indian Government introduced the new tax regime on April 1, 2020 (FY 2020-21). Its main objective is to simplify the tax process and calculations by removing the need to record and claim various deductions.

Therefore, taxpayers can no longer access most deductions and exemptions under the new regime. However, in the new tax regime, the income tax slab rates for individuals and HUFs are much lower than in the old tax regime.

New Tax Regime Slab Tax Rate (Individuals And Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs))

Income Range (in INR) Tax Rate (%)
up to ₹3,00,000 Nil
₹3,00,001- ₹6,00,000 5%
₹6,00,001- ₹9,00,000 10%
₹9,00,001- ₹12,00,000 15%
₹12,00,001- ₹15,00,000 20%
₹15,00,001 and above 30%

Old Regime vs New Tax Regime

Aspect Old Tax Regime New Tax Regime
Deductions It offers a wide range of deductions and exemptions. Most deductions and exemptions are not available.
Tax Rates Tax rates vary based on income slabs. Lower tax rates apply to income slabs.
Simplification It can be complex due to multiple deductions and rules. Simplified tax calculation without deductions.
Flexibility Offers flexibility in claiming deductions and benefits. No flexibility for deductions or exemptions.
Tax Planning Requires strategic planning to optimise deductions. Less planning is required due to the simplified structure.
Documentation Extensive documentation for deductions and proofs. Less documentation is required for tax calculations.
Cost-Benefit Ratio More beneficial for individuals with higher deductions. Beneficial for those with fewer deductions.
Switching Regimes Option to switch between regimes each financial year. Option to switch between regimes each financial year.
Investment Benefits Some deductions for specific investments are available. Limited or no deductions for investments.

Choosing the Right Regime

You can choose the right regime (new tax regime vs old regime) depending on your income level, financial circumstances and availability of exemptions and deductions.

It is better to go with the old tax regime if the mentioned exemptions and deductions will save you significant income or reduce your tax liability.

If this is not the case or you want a simplified process, opting for the new tax regime is better. However, the taxpayers also benefit from switching between this regime to maximise the benefits.


Choosing between old vs new tax regime is essential to optimise your tax liability.

Thus, evaluating both regimes’ pros and cons will be better and accessing them with your financial goals and income level to reap the maximum benefits. You can also consult with a tax professional to take the right decision.